The diagnosis of Womb cancer includes various tests and procedures the purpose of which is to determine the extent, stage and cause of womb cancer. Normally doctors start diagnostic procedure after complete examination and evaluation of the patient’s body, medical history, past illness, medication, family history.
Following tests are used in the diagnosis process of Womb cancer:
It is the best method that helps in definitive diagnosis of womb cancer. Different methods of biopsies are used such as
- Endometrial Biopsy
- D and C/dilatation and curettage
In this method of biopsy the doctors insert a pipelle , a thin plastic tube into womb by the way of vagina and after that they suck the cells from the womb with the mean of a syringe .Normally women undergone through this procedure when they are awake. In case of pain the doctor suggest some mild painkiller to the patient.
The doctor uses a hysteroscope , a fine telescope to look into the womb and this way they get the sample from the tissue lining of the womb. This sample tissue is examined under microscope by a pathologist.
D and C (Dilatation and Curettage):
In this type of biopsy the doctor gives a local anesthesia to the patient when she sleeps, the doctor gently opens up the entrance of womb , cervix and then he used a curette, a spoon like instrument, to scrapes the tissue from the womb.
Transvaginal ultrasound scans:
A radiographer or doctor checks the pelvic organ of the patient and after that inserts an ultrasound probe into the patient’s vagina. In case when the thickness of lining is 5mm or less then the patient is not affected by womb cancer but if it is more than 5mm thick, the woman is more likely to be invaded by cancer.
You may get the complete details of womb cancer from this page; what is Womb cancer?
The doctor also performed the CA125 blood test. CA125 is a tumor maker or in other words it is a chemical that is secreted by cancerous cells. Increase level of this maker in the blood means the high risk or womb cancer and vice versa.
Filed Under: Womb Cancer
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