Diagnosis of Thyroid Cancer

The diagnosis of Thyroid Cancer involves many advanced imaging techniques, biopsies, physical examination and blood tests.  If you don’t know about Thyroid Cancer then get the detail of this cancer by clicking on the link what is Thyroid Cancer?

Physical Examination

The doctor checks the patient’s neck, heart rate, rhythm and blood pressure to identify any kind of abnormal situation.  He also listens to the patient’s thyroid with the help of a stethoscope.  In order to locate the signs and symptoms of Thyroid cancer he may examined the patient’s eyes, hair, skin, nails or hands etc.

Thyroid Blood tests:

In the screening process of Thyroid Cancer the doctors may performs various blood tests depends upon the conditions of patients some of these are:

  • Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) Test
  • Total T4/ Total Thyroxine
  • Free T3 / Free Triiodothyronine
  • Thyroid Peroxidase Antibodies (TPOAb) / Antithyroid Peroxidase Antibodies
  • Antithyroid Microsomal Antibodies / Antimicrosomal Antibodies
  • Thyroglobulin Antibodies / Antithyroglobulin Antibodies
  • Thyroid Receptor Antibodies (TRAb)

Imaging tests

Different kinds of imaging tests are used to pinpoint the extent, stage and cause of Thyroid cancer.

Nuclear Scan / Radioactive Iodine Uptake (RAI-U) :

This test is performed to check whether the patient has Graves’ disease, toxic multinodular goiter, or thyroiditis or not.

CT Scan :

The cross sectional images of inside body are taken by connecting an x-ray machine to a computer and this imaging methods helps in detection  and diagnosing of  a goiter, or larger thyroid nodules.

MRI / Magnetic Resonance Imaging:

This imaging method is best to determine the size and shape of the thyroid tumor.

Thyroid Ultrasound:

With the mean of such method a proper evaluation of nodules, lumps and enlargement of patient is made. It also helps the doctor to differentiate between a mass solid tissue and a fluid-filled cyst

Thyroid Biopsy:

Fine Needle Aspiration or a biopsy helps the doctor to diagnose the cancerous or non-cancerous growth of a thyroid tumor.

Other Diagnostic tests and Procedures:

  • Iodine Patch Tests
  • Saliva Testing
  • Urinary Testing
  • Basal Body Temperature Testing

Filed Under: Thyroid Cancer

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