Diagnosis of Spinal Cord Cancer

Diagnosis of Spinal Cord Tumor becomes somewhat difficult for the doctors as the symptoms and signs of Spinal Cord cancer resembles with normal condition. You may get the detail introduction of this cancer from this page; what is Spinal Cord Tumor?

Tests and Procedures used for Diagnosis of Spinal Cord Cancer

After physical examination of the patient, the doctor used following tests for pinpointing the exact location ,stage , extent and cause of Spinal Cord Cancer.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Spinal Cord:

This method uses a powerful magnet and radio waves to create the cross-sectional images of spinal cord. Sometimes, the doctor may use the contrast agent that is injected into vein and in this way tumor area is shown separately from normal area. In advanced technology medical centres the Spinal MRI method is performed by using high-field-strength scanners and thereby small and minor tumor’s growth is seen.

Computerized Tomography /CT Scan :

In this method the cross sectional images of spine are taken by using the narrow beam of radiation.  A contrast dye is injected into the vein to see  the abnormal area in the spinal canal or spinal cord.

Myelogram:

A contrast dye is injected into spinal column of Spinal cord cancer’s Patient and this dye circulates around your spinal cord and spinal nerves. This dye appears in white color in a CT scan or an X-ray.  It is riskier method that’s why less common used for the diagnosis of Spinal cord tumor. However it is used special to identify the compressed nerve.

Biopsy:

This is very helpful method of screening by which the doctor differentiates between cancerous and non- cancerous growth of Spinal cord Tumor. This test is performed after a local anesthesia; a sample of abnormal growth is taken and then checked by a pathologist under microscope.

In case of cancerous tumor, the doctor graded the cancer. Grade 1 a termed used for the least aggressive and Grade 4 is recognized as the most aggressive .

Filed Under: Spinal Cord Tumours

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