Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer

Diagnosis of Prostate cancer helps the patient to determine the extent and size of cancer in the early stage of Cancer. Get the detail of Cancer from this page; what is Prostate Cancer?

Annual or regular screening:

The annual screening test should be administered especially by a man over age 50 as through this early diagnosis and cause of Prostate cancer is possible.  The men having strong family history of prostate cancer are more likely to be affected by prostate cancer.  African American men should also go for this screening method because the probability of it occurrence in this race is more than that of others.

The regular screening process of prostate cancer includes:

Digital Rectum Exam:

In DRE exam a lubricated, gloved finger is inserted into rectum. The doctor feels the edge of prostate; it is the exact location from where the cancer starts.  He may detect any kind of abnormalities such as bumps and hardness of prostate.  This test takes only five to ten seconds and hardly some men feel discomfort during this test.

Prostate Specific Antigen Blood test:

In lab, blood sample is taken for analysis. PSA is a special protein that is produced only by prostate cells. The production of this protein increased when prostate become enlarges due to cancer or some other cause.

When result of this test shown the high level of PSA in blood then doctor considered it is a sign of prostate cancer’s presence.

Following test are used in diagnosis of Prostate cancer.

Prostatic Biopsy:

It involves the removal of sample tissue from the prostate and then its examination by a pathologist under a microscope. The doctor distinguishes a cancerous tumor from non-cancerous.

Grade of prostate cancer:

During biopsy of prostate, the doctor also gives grade to cancer based on its extent and tendency of spread.

High grade of prostate cancer means the cancerous cells are more likely to spread in other areas of body.

Low grade of prostate cancer implies that tumor is non-cancerous and less likely to prevail.

Following Tests are used to know the Extent of Prostate Cancer:

  • Ultrasound
  • Bone scan
  • CT Scan
  • MRI scan
  • Lymph Nodes biopsy

Filed Under: Prostate Cancer

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