Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer

Normally the symptoms of ovarian cancer are not so much apparent  therefore it  becomes hard for the doctor to diagnose this cancer. You may get the complete detail of it from this link; what is ovarian cancer?

Medical History:

The diagnosis of ovarian cancer begins with physical examination. The doctors ask various questions regarding her medical history and some other things. The doctor collect information by asking about  following things previous cancer history , use of contraceptives pills , pregnancy , breast-feeding history , family history relating to ovarian cancer , hysterectomy etc.

Imaging Studies:

The doctor perform various tests in order to know about the the size, shape, location, and consistency of the ovaries.


In this test, a transducer probe is used that releases the sound waves which bounce off the ovaries.  These sound waves are collected and afterwards transmitted onto a video screen so that a picture can be created. This picture is named as sonogram. There are two type of ultrasound.

Transvaginal sonography TVS:

In this method the  probe is placed within ovaries therefore the doctors get  clear cut picture .

Transabdominal ultrasonography:

When the doctor placed the probe on the abdominal wall then it is called transabdominal ultrasonography

The doctor sometime accompanied the TVS with a laboratory blood  test i.e. CA125 as this improve the diagnosis’s potential.

Transvaginal color flow Doppler:

In this ultrasound , doctors determine the presence of cancerous growth by measuring the blood flow to the ovaries.  The tumor of ovary requires the many new vessels for proper circulation therefore low resistance and pulsatile indexes pinpoint the presence of a cancerous tumor. A high frequency probe is placed within vagina and then a graph  show the blood measurement in the form of the resistance index (holding back of blood flow) and pulsatile index (speed of blood flow).

Other Ovarian Cancer Tests

Laboratory Tests

CA125/ OC-125:

It is a blood protein known as tumor maker. When the level of this protein exceed from 35 units then it is said that the patient’s ovaries are affected by cancerous cells.

BRCA1 and BRCA2:

These are the genes and when these genes are mutated then the likelihood of ovarian cancer increased. BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation screening is performed by doctors to know about the degree of risk.

Fine-needle aspiration cytology :

In this test , a doctor collects that cells which are affected by ovarian tumor and after that doctor examine these cells under microscope. In order to avoid the risk and problem associated with this test , doctor may accompany it with CT scan and ultrasound for getting guidance about the affected areas.


This test is performed during surgery and it is done to check the extent of cancer and also about he cause of ovarian cancer. In this test a sample of cancerous affected tissue are taken by the doctor and then this sample is examined by a pathologist under microscope.

Filed Under: Ovarian Cancer

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