Diagnosis of head and Neck Cancer

In order to find out the real cause of head and neck cancers, the doctors employ the different diagnosis processes that let them to get the complete understanding of problem.  At the start of diagnosis process, physician demands the medical history of the patient so that he evaluate it carefully and after that a complete phycial examination is administered.

Physical Exam:

In the physical exam, the doctor checks the head and neck and its close area carefully. The visual inspection of the oral and nasal cavities, neck, throat, and tongue using a small mirror and/or lights is the main thing of this examination.  The doctor tries to feel  any kind of lump on the neck, lips, gums, and cheeks. Sometimes

The diagnostic tests and procedures of head and neck cancers are as follows:

Endoscopy:

In this advanced method, the doctor used the endcoscope , a thin, lighted tube, to check the inside body areas.  There are different types of endoscope depends on the area that has to be examined by the physician .For example esophagoscope is used for the esophagus check up and this tube is inserted through mouth while a laryngoscope is employed for larynx examination and it is also inserted via mouth.

Laboratory test:

This includes the thorough check up of blood, urine, or other substances samples that are taken from the patient’s body.

X-rays:

This method is used to get the detailed images of areas inside the head and neck on film and after that these images are examine by the doctors

CT scan:

This is an advanced imaging test in which the series of detailed pictures of areas inside the head and neck are produced by a computer connected with the x-ray machine.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging:

This is another imaging test through which the cross-sectional images of head and neck area are created with the mean of strong magnet that is linked with computer.

PET scan (positron Emission Tomography):

In this scanning a radioactive material is injected to the head and neck area and after a few minutes this tracer is collected to that area. A three-dimensional image is created in which the area that is invaded by cancerous cells appears darker than that of other area.

Biopsy:

It includes the removal of a small amount of tissue as a sample that is studied by a pathologist under a microscope to make a diagnosis

You may get the detailed introduction of head and neck cancer at this page , what is head and neck cancer?

Filed Under: Head and Neck Cancer

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