Diagnosis of Esophageal cancer

The doctors suggest the best treatment for the esophageal cancer only when they carefully diagnose the problem. If you haven’t any knowledge about Esophageal cancer then you should first follow this link; what is Esophageal cancer?. The diagnosis process of this cancer begins with the physical exams.

Physical exams:

In this the doctors try to find out the real cause of esophageal cancer therefore he completely checks the medical condition, severity of symptoms and physical condition of the patient.  On the base of such exams the doctor suggests you some tests that are necessary to know more about the patient cancerous situation.

The usual tests of esophageal Cancer are described as follows:


In this test doctor gives the patient chalky liquid, liquid containing barium that the patient has to swallow.  This liquid coats the lining of esophagus so that the lining is clearly shown in the X-rays. In this way it becomes easy for the doctor to diagnose any tumor or abnormalities of esophagus.

EGD/ Esophagus-Gastric-Duodenoscopy:

When the doctor observed the abnormalities in the esophagus then this test is suggested by him. In this test an endoscope, a thin and flexible tube with a light and video camera on the end, is passed into esophagus via throat.  The doctor may name this test as the upper endoscopy.


This test is resembled with upper endcoscopy. This test is employed only when the tumor is invaded in the upper two-thirds of the esophagus. Through it the doctor comes to know whether this tumor has spread to person’s airway, including the trachea (windpipe) and bronchial tree (area where the windpipe branches out into the lungs) or not.

Endoscopic ultrasound:

This ultrasound is administered simultaneously with upper endoscopy.  During this process the clear picture of inside body is created with the mean of sound waves. In order to perform this ultrasound doctors insert a transducer, a machine that produce sound waves, into the esophagus via mouth. Through this test the doctors are able to identify the extent of tumor, and  they can also notify whether  the cancer invaded  the wall of esophagus or not.

Biopsy :

If the doctor gets the sign of abnormalities in EGD then they move further with Biopsy, in which a sample of tissue is removed to know about extent of Esophageal cancer. This test is performed to determine whether this cancer spread with cancerous cells or non-cancerous cells.

When the doctor confirmed about the prevalence cancer in the esophagus then they go for imaging test or staging test in order to know about the exact stage of cancer. These tests includes computed Tomography/CT scan , Magnetic Resonance imaging /MRI and Positron emission  tomography Scan /PET etc.

Filed Under: Esophageal Gullet Cancer

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