Diagnosis of Cervical cancer normally starts with the Pelvic exam and a Pap test. If you don’t know exactly about cervical cancer they you get its detail from this page, what is cervical cancer? If you already know about this cancer then feel free to proceed for its diagnosis.
This exam includes the physical check up of a woman’s vagina, uterus, bladder and rectum. The basic purpose of this exam is to check these organs in order to find out any kind of change in their shapes or size and to detect any lump. Normally doctors insert a speculum (an instrument ) into the vagina to see the upper part of the vagina and the cervix.
Pap smear or Pap test:
In this test doctors collect the cells from the cervix or upper part of vagina and later on these collected cells are checked in the laboratory. Through this test the doctors try to spot the abnormalities or changes in the cervix’s lining.
When the doctors observed any kind of abnormalities from the Pap smear test then the doctors go for Colposcopy. In this method the doctors checked the patient’s cervix with the mean of magnifying lens or colposcopy. They collect the cells and then examine them so that they get conformation about the existence of cervical cancer.
When the result shows precancerous changes in cells, abnormal tissue growth or carcinoma in situ, the doctor removes the tissue and start the treatment of cervix cancer.
In case invasive cancer is revealed through exam then the doctor will request more tests to know about the extent of your cancer. Here are these tests:
Physical Exam: The detailed check up of the rectum and anus.
Cytoscopy: the doctor examines the bladder with the help of a lighted scope.
Rectosigmoidoscopy: It includes visual inspection of rectum incase the cancerous cells invaded the organ.
Postiton Emission Tomography (PET): in this scanning process, the doctors try to detect the spread of cancer beyond your cervix or to nearby lymph nodes.
Computed Tomography (CT) : In this scan , the detail images are shown to doctors and thereby they get an idea about the areas where the cancer has spread.
Pyelogram :in this test a special dye is injected into vein and after that an X-ray of urinary system is taken.
Other tests include chest X-rays and blood test. Through all these tests, the doctors try to know more about the cause of cervical cancer and also its stage and extent.
Filed Under: Cervical Cancer
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