Diagnosis of Bladder cancer

Today, there come various procedures and methods for the diagnosis of Bladder cancer. If you want to know about the Bladder cancer then follow this link What is Bladder cancer? Before monitoring any test, the doctors usually want to know the sign and symptoms that the patient felt. Some common tests and exams that the doctors used for the diagnosis of this cancer are as follows.

Physical Exam:

The doctors thoroughly examine the abdomen and pelvis so that they can get an idea whether cancerous cells invaded these areas or not. This physical exam  may include a rectal or vaginal exam. The exact cause of bladder cancer also helps the doctors in diagnosis process.

Urine tests:

Through urine test laboratory check the urine for blood, cancer cells and other signs of disease. It is a fairly reliable and non-invasive test that helps the doctor in identification of detecting low-grade bladder and its possible occurrence.

Cytoscopy:

In this test the doctors looks directly into the bladder through a cystoscope that is a thin light tube.  They inserted this tube into bladder via urethra and look internal linings of bladder.  This process can be completed without anesthesia. The cytoscope let it possible for the doctors to remove a small tissue of bladder for laboratory analysis.

Positron Emission Tmography (PET):

This is an advanced technique used in the diagnosis process of Bladder cancer. This test is based on color intensity within tissues and organs. The colors indicates the chemical activity and identify the areas where abnormities or cancerous cells are present.

Computed Tomography Urography (CTU)

It is a proven technology through which the doctor can clearly evaluate the urinary tract.  It allows the physician to view the complete anatomical detail by checking the cross section images of body.

Magnetic Resonance Urography (MRU)

It is an alternative of CTU and normally used for children and pregnant women because for them CTU is not good enough. The doctor also used this technique for patients with contradictory results from traditional diagnostic tests. It is less common method than that of CTU

Filed Under: Bladder Cancer

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